Do You Need a Degree to Be a Cinematographer?
Interested in becoming a cinematographer, but aren’t sure of the best way to get there? Film school seems like the logical course, but depending on where you live, you may have to move to attend a traditional four-year university. But, do you need a degree to be a cinematographer in the first place?
For many careers, sitting in a classroom for several years and earning a diploma is an absolute requirement. You have to show that you have the requisite skills and foundational knowledge to be a doctor, lawyer, business manager, and so on. But when it comes to filmmaking, and cinematography in particular, the school of life is probably your best bet.
What is a cinematographer and what do they do? Also known as a director of photography (DP), they work closely with the director on motion pictures to help bring the director’s vision to light. They are in charge of the camera and light crews, have both creative and technical skills, and may help with post-production tasks.
Cinematographers work with camera angles, decide which cameras to use, use color palettes and filters to set a scene, and employ a wide variety of equipment including dollies, cranes, and even handheld cameras to get the shot just right.
Do You Need a Degree to be a Cinematographer?
The short answer is no, you don’t. Yes, formal education in film or a related field can be beneficial in a few different ways for aspiring cinematographers. While theory, lighting, aspect ratios, and even blocking can be learned inside ivy-covered walls, many successful cinematographers have learned through hands-on experience, working their way up in the industry.
Gaining practical experience as a camera assistant, grip, or in other roles within the camera department can be an effective way to learn the ropes and develop the necessary skills. It’s the experience you gain while in the trenches where you learn how movies are made, how lighting is set up, and scenes are framed.
In the film industry, practical skills, a good eye for visuals, and the ability to work collaboratively with the director and the camera team are highly valued. Whether you pursue formal education or not, gaining experience and building a reputation for delivering high-quality cinematography work are essential steps to becoming a successful cinematographer.
How to Become a Cinematographer Without a Degree in Film School
Becoming a successful cinematographer without going to school is possible through a combination of self-learning, practical experience, networking, and dedication to your craft. Get your hands on a camera and start practicing. Shoot short films, videos, or even just experiment with different shots and lighting setups.
Learning by doing is one of the most effective ways to improve your skills and develop your own style. Look for opportunities with entry-level work as a camera assistant, grip, or in any role within the camera department on film sets, tv shows, or music videos. Assisting experienced cinematographers allows you to observe their techniques and learn from their expertise.
Attend film festivals, workshops, and industry events to meet fellow filmmakers, directors, camera operators, and potential collaborators. Networking can lead to new opportunities and connections in the industry. Team up with other aspiring filmmakers, actors, and crew members to work on projects together.
Collaborative work allows you to gain experience in a real production environment and learn how to work effectively as part of a team. And don’t be afraid to seek feedback on your work. Constructive criticism can help you identify areas for improvement and grow as a cinematographer.
Finally, watch and study films from various genres and directors. Pay attention to how cinematography is used to enhance the storytelling and mood in different scenes. The filmography of the Coen Brothers alone will give you an incredible amount of content to study.
The key to success is continuous learning, hands-on experience, and a strong work ethic. Keep pushing yourself to improve and create compelling visuals, and over time, your talent and dedication will speak for itself in the world of cinematography.
Do You Need a Degree to be a Cinematographer? Not Necessarily
A degree program can provide a solid foundation in various aspects of filmmaking, including cinematography techniques, lighting, and different pieces of equipment. But what ultimately matters most in becoming a cinematographer is your passion for visual storytelling, creativity, and a strong portfolio showcasing your work and capabilities.
Roger Deakins has been nominated for 16 Oscars, winning twice, but was actually rejected from film school at first. He sharpened his eye on his own, getting experience while working as a recorder of country life in the UK. Taking photographs of the North Devon countryside is a far cry from Blade Runner 2049, but you have to start somewhere, right?
According to an artnet.com article, “It was a great learning experience for me. I just spent all day every day with my camera, experimenting with framing and other things. It was a great time to play.”
Film Connection believes building a strong portfolio through personal projects, collaborations, and independent film work–and the experience you give yourself– is more important than a formal education alone. Reading about framing a shot will only take you so far: getting out and actually framing a shot is much more valuable.
Our cinematography program will put you in the middle of the action, working with industry insiders while they show you the tricks of the trade. Instead of a classroom, you’ll be in the studio or on location to see how real-world productions are filmed. Why spend four years at university when you can spend less than six months in the field?
And you won’t have to go into massive student debt or uproot your life, either. Instead of uprooting your life to attend a “name” school on either coast, Film Connection has locations across the country. And our tuition is just a fraction of what you’d pay for university, college, or trade school.